Feasibility of Delivering High-Rise Low or Zero Carbon Buildings in Hong Kong


 Zero carbon building has been regarded as an innovative model of sustainable development in the built environment. However, there exist perceptions that a zero carbon building may not be achievable, particularly in dense urban environments. The Construction Industry Council (CIC) has constructed the first Zero Carbon Building (ZCB) in Hong Kong in 2012, as a signature project to showcase state-of-the-art green designs and technologies and to raise community awareness of sustainable living. However, the delivery of high-rise zero carbon buildings within the context of urban environments is still largely unknown. This project aims to examine the feasibility of delivering high-rise low/zero carbon buildings in Hong Kong, and to develop scenario-based design solutions to delivering high-rise buildings towards zero carbon.  


  1. Wang, J., Yu, C. and Pan, W. (2020). Relationship between Operational Energy and Cost Performance of High-rise Office Buildings from Life Cycle Perspective. Journal of Cleaner Production, 121300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121300

  2. Qin, H. & Pan, W. (2020). Energy use of subtropical high-rise public residential buildings and impacts of energy saving measures. Journal of Cleaner Production, 254, 120041. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120041

  3. Yu, C., Du, J. & Pan, W. (2019). Improving accuracy in building energy simulation via evaluating occupant behaviors: A case study in Hong Kong. Energy and Buildings, 202, 109373. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2019.109373

  4. Pan, W., Qin, H. & Yu, C. (2018) Feasibility of Delivering High-rise Low or Zero Carbon Buildings in Hong Kong. Construction Industry Council.

  5. Wang, J. & Pan, W. (2018). Influencing parameters of the life cycle cost-energy relationship of buildings. Journal of Green Building, 13(4), 103-121. https://doi.org/10.3992/1943-4618.13.4.103

  6. Pan, W., Qin, H. & Zhao, Y. (2017). Challenges for energy and carbon modeling of high-rise buildings: The case of public housing in Hong Kong. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 123, 208-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2016.02.013

  7. Pan, W. and Ning, Y. (2015) The Dialectics of Sustainable Building. Habitat International, 48 (August), 55-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.03.004

  8. ​Pan, W. & Ning, Y. (2015). A Socio-technical Framework of Zero Carbon Building Policies. Building Research and Information, 43(1), 94-110. https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2015.955759

  9. Zhang, S., Pan, W. & Kumaraswamy, M. (2014). A multi-criteria decision framework for the selection of low carbon building measures for office buildings in Hong Kong. International Journal of Energy Sector Management, 8 (4), 456-476. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJESM-03-2014-0005


This project is led and coordinated by Professor Wei Pan of Department of Civil Engineering of The University of Hong Kong (HKU), with project team members from HKU, collaborators and supporters from a wide range of government and industry organizations.  


This project is funded by the Construction Industry Council (Project Number: CICR/01/13).